There is not justification about Totalitarism...
Id like to know your opinion about:
1)Execution of Marshall Tukacevski (1937) & the most part of the Red Army military elite. (seems that the evidences of his treason were just given by Germans)
It's very intricate figure:
Tukhacevsky - officer of old Russian Army, which one joined to Red Army and had very fast carrier during Civil War.
During war between Soviet Russia and Poland in the 1920 he did serious mistakes.
Later he command of troops during suppression bloody rebellion of peasants in Tambov's area. He used gas-shell for it (!).
At the end of 1920's and until 1937 he was one of officials in the military department (he control equipment). From one side he take part in creation of the first rocket project, large tank formation etc, but at the same time thousands of tanks, which one were produced under his control was not effective in real war and his tank formation had not good communications facilities, hadn't enough trucks and tractors, hadn't enough artillery and infantry, so it couldn't be really effective weapon.
I heard that Abver (German intelligence) "to help" in repressions against Red Army military elite, although, of course, without accept from Stalin it was impossible. Some of generals and higher of offecers (about 1/3 from arrested) were rehabilitated before or at the beginning of war and command large formation of Red Army. For example, Rokossovsky - commander of corps, army, front. He was commander of the Parade of Victory on Red Square in the 1945, but many were killed. It's difficult to say how they could command in the WWII, not all of them were ready for new type war.
2)The reason of the very slow reaction of the Red Army during the German attack (operation Barbarossa).
Did Stalin really trust on Ribbentropp-Molotov pact?
There are some main reasons:
- Army was not ready for new type start of war - Blitzkrieg, without long fighting on the border (the main part from about 200 German divisions were in the first attack echelon and could destroy divisions and corps of Red Army in parts).
- There were not good communications facilities.
- There wasn't battle experience.
- Many formation didn't get new weapons and old ones had exhaustion of resources for using etc.
Stalin didn't trust on Ribbentropp-Molotov pact, but this pact give small chance to delay war. Any actions, which one could be used as casus belli were prohibited, but at the same time new formation was moved to Western regions from center of country, increased production of new weapons (T-34, KV, Il-2, new fighters and bombers etc.). If USSR could delay start of war some more weeks, Hitler could postpone invasion (because of his army wasn't ready for war at the autumn and winter).
One more argument against war in the 1941 - it was war with two fronts, because of war against Great Britain was not finished and to start new war in this situation could be stupidly.
In the 1942 Soviet Union could have another Red Army...